Posts Tagged ‘university’

This summer, the U.S. Department of Education introduced a proposal to regulate for-profit universities. Referred to in education circles as the “gainful employment” regulations, the proposal seeks to protect students with the highest financial need who enroll at these institutions, to ensure the likelihood that they will be able to find employment and repay their loans after completing their certificate or degree programs.

The Department of Education is proposing a new sanction, namely that if the for-profit programs are not producing “gainful employment” opportunities for these students, those institutions will lose their student aid eligibility — a major source of income for these education companies. As usual, the issue has raised partisan rancor in several congressional hearings (the latest on Sept. 30) held by Iowa Democratic Sen. Tom Harkin, chairman of the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee.

As a not-for-profit, four-year and graduate residential university, my institution is not directly affected by these federal rules. But they do bring a critical issue to light for all of higher education, for-profit and not-for-profit alike: What are we doing to prepare and enable our students to secure jobs and succeed in an increasingly competitive and dynamic workforce, especially for those in the highest-need brackets? Are we doing enough? Are new models needed?

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the youth unemployment rate reached 19.1 percent in July, and the United States is experiencing some of the worst youth joblessness of the post- World War Two era. These statistics should sound an alarm across the nation. While penalizing for-profit universities for programs that produce little results and high debt for their students might be an effective short-term solution to protect students and our student loan system, we need a broader national vision from Washington, from corporate America, and from higher education about how to ensure that our young people have a future in our nation’s workforce. Punitive measures from the government and “business as usual” from our nation’s colleges and universities just won’t cut it. Students need a new deal — a promise of access that can actually lead to job opportunity when they complete their degrees.

With the state of our economy, the question is even more urgent for students and their families: What will a degree get me after I graduate? In the salad days of job opportunity, we university administrators could afford to wax a bit more vague about this. For many traditional academicians, this question might even seem out of place. After all, college is about imparting knowledge, the collective inheritance of humanity — not about something as mundane as a job.

Of course that is the case, but our students also want and need to work. I see this mindset in the kind of students we attract to Stevenson University. Almost one-third are first-generation college students. Their parents did not attend college, but they nurtured that dream for their children. These students expect that attending college will lead to a good job, and they consciously chose an education with programs and experiences structured to help make their dreams a reality.

Several years ago, representatives of Maryland’s public and independent colleges and universities joined forces with the Governor’s Workforce Investment Board on a listening tour, dialoging with business leaders around the state about the kinds of programs and initiatives that prepare students to work successfully in their companies and economic sectors. This tour was extremely productive and helped to build the kind of collaboration that higher education, business and government need.

But this process needs to be national, continual and at the top of the president’s and Congress’ agendas.

President Barack Obama’s “Skills for America” initiative, announced Oct. 4, is a step in the right direction. By encouraging partnerships between community colleges and industry, students will be able to connect their educations to careers, many in new and emerging industries. This initiative should also move beyond community colleges to four-year institutions, public and private, that are serving many of the nation’s highest-need students.

What else can higher education do? Diverse employment internships should be a near mandate across college curricula; federal and state employer advisory boards for higher education can update academia on the changing and emerging workforce skills for industry; and we should promote career development standards and requirements that challenge our students and grow their skills as much as their academic coursework expands their knowledge.

Instead of punitive measures that might ultimately limit access and discourage students and working adults from achieving a degree, we need creative measures from leaders in education and the top policymakers that ensure degrees — and the college experiences that support them — remain relevant in an increasingly dynamic and global workforce. Career education should not be sidelined; it needs to be front and center in our strategic institutional plans and national economic policy.

Kevin J. Manning is the president of Stevenson University with campuses in Stevenson and Owings Mills. His e-mail is kmanning@stevenson.edu.
From: http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/opinion/oped/bs-ed-colleges-jobs-20101013,0,2442120.story

Student Success Stories Ignored

WASHINGTON, DC (September 29, 2010) – In advance of a new round of expected criticisms of career colleges by Iowa Democratic Senator Tom Harkin at a planned Thursday hearing, more prominent Democrats and progressive advocates are asking for fairness for students of private sector colleges and universities.

In a letter sent today to Harkin, Coalition for Educational Success spokesperson and former Clinton Administration Special Counsel Lanny J. Davis said that the Senator’s overly broad criticisms of career colleges along with proposed U.S. Department of Education rules, would likely have a disproportionate negative effect on disadvantaged students’ access to higher education, especially the lower income and minority students who predominantly attend these colleges.

Davis, a long-time supporter of Senator Harkin’s, asked the Senator to try for more balance and fairness in the planned presentations at Thursday’s hearings.  “I hope that you will not, in fairness, ignore the millions of private sector college student and graduate success stories and not allow one witness with unproven allegations to testify without permitting another witness at the same table at the same time to provide a contemporaneous factual rebuttal.  I respectfully suggest that to do otherwise would be unfair–and inconsistent with all I have observed in your public service over the years,” said Davis in the letter to Senator Harkin.

Davis joins more than 80 members of Congress, including dozens of prominent Democrats, who have voiced their concern over proposed Education Department rules heavily promoted by Harkin, which would limit college access and choice for minority and poor students.  Just this week, progressive Democratic Senators Roland Burris, Herb Kohl and Bill Nelson asked for reconsideration of the proposal.  Leading groups in the African-American and Latino community have also added to the growing chorus of opposition.

More than 2 million students will enroll in career colleges this year, seeking a direct path into the job market by expanding their skills and knowledge.  The overwhelming majority are non-traditional students – full time workers, working parents, minorities, workforce returners and veterans.

Forty-three percent of students at career colleges are minorities and sixty-five percent are women.  The schools graduate nearly double the proportion of minority students when compared to other institutions.

“In the worst economy in a generation, we need more minority and underprivileged kids in college, yet some in Congress and the Obama Administration are considering new regulations that will create obstacles instead of opportunities,” said Davis.  “Underserved students, more than any others, depend on private-sector colleges.  Proposals being discussed will have dramatic consequences by denying choice and access to students, impeding skills training to fill open jobs in the workforce and choking innovation in higher education.”

From http://ed-success.org/press-release-concern-over-criticism-on-private-sector-higher-education.php

BANGALORE (Reuters) – U.S. for-profit colleges, widely criticized for saddling students with big debts and not fully preparing them for the workplace, are kicking back as they garner public support.

Having seen their stock prices slump by a third since April as their business model has come under sustained attack from the Obama administration, education companies such as Apollo Group and Corinthian Colleges have begun a counterattack.

Corinthian has run a marketing campaign to raise awareness of the “unintended consequences” of the proposed rules, and has urged Washington to reconsider them.

Student unions, Republican senators and even some Democrats are lining up behind these schools in opposing the proposals that are seen crimping colleges’ growth and tightening enrollment policies.

The new rules would limit schools and the amount of help students could get, according to Dawn Connor, president of Students for Academic Choice, a student group that opposes the regulations.

“Default rates are up all over the place, that’s because the economy is down. I don’t think it should all be blamed on for-profit schools,” said Connor, who this week organized a student rally on Capitol Hill to protest the proposals.

The tough rules framed by the Department of Education could see fewer courses on offer and more students excluded from post-secondary education at a time when high unemployment and a slow recovery are bringing more people back to schools.

The department last week delayed releasing a final rule on the most controversial reform, citing the large number of critical comments, some 100,000, it had received.

The ‘gainful employment’ rule says the government would stop lending to college programs if more than 65 percent of ex-students fail to pay the principal on federal loans.

In August, the department released loan repayment rates of for-profit schools that showed most did not meet the required threshold to qualify for federal aid.

Morningstar analyst Todd Young said companies and industry groups were waiting to see the detail of the gainful employment proposals before firing back in earnest. These are now expected early next year.

“As the public comment period came to an end in September, the industry finally started its counterattack,” Young said.

Republicans also voiced their opposition to the proposed rules at a Senate hearing on Thursday.

“It’s naive to think these problems are limited to just the for-profit sector,” said Republican Sen. Michael Enzi, noting large debts owed by many law school graduates. “We’re just looking at this in a vacuum and that’s not fair.”

Democrats face the threat of losing control of one or both chambers of Congress in November mid-term elections amid voter anxiety over jobs and the slow pace of economic recovery.

The proposals could prompt 400,000 students out of post-secondary education each year, and trigger 90,000-100,000 job losses, according to a study by Parthenon Group — as schools will have to trim programs that don’t offer students solid job prospects.

“The government needs to think about access to education, how they can help students who want to get education but can’t afford loans and certainly can’t afford to get themselves into a lot of college-loan debt,” said Steve Loflin, executive director of The National Society of Collegiate Scholars, which provides scholarships to high-ranking students.

Some for-profit schools argue their default rates are high as they primarily serve some of society’s weaker elements.

“The biggest effect I see is the underserved population are going to be turned out again. I don’t think that’s a great result because those are the folks that are likely to need public assistance,” said Signal Hill analyst Trace Urdan.

STILL TAKING FLAK

But the schools are still coming under fire for charging high fees and running loose admission policies.

Rich Williams, higher education advocate at U.S. Public Interest Research Group, said for-profit colleges were still being irresponsible in their recruiting, and noted that they charge $15,000 for certification for programs like massage therapy — that costs about $520 at community colleges.

“If anything, these high-risk students should not be going to for-profit colleges,” said Williams, one of a 13-member team that helped the education department draft the new regulations.

Sara Fuller, a student at Apollo’s University of Phoenix, said she was never asked if she had a job or could repay loans before being enrolled on an associate degree in criminal justice.

“I called the university and was enrolled in classes on the same day,” said Fuller, who is pushing for tougher regulation as, even after investing over $12,000 in her degree, she’s not sure of getting a job.

by Kenneth J. Cooper , September 20, 2010

Some African-American and Hispanic leaders have taken a stand against proposed federal rules designed to curb student-loan defaults at for-profit colleges, arguing the strictures would reduce the educational options of minority students, who represent a large part of the enrollment at the schools.

Rev. Jesse Jackson of the Rainbow PUSH Coalition and some members of the Congressional Black and Hispanic caucuses have sent letters to the U.S. Department of Education opposing draft regulations that would cut off access to federal student aid to for-profit schools that appear to have prepared too few of their graduates for “gainful employment.”

The Career College Association, which represents the schools, states that 43 percent of their 2.8 million students and 39 percent of their graduates are minorities. It says 23 percent of African-Americans and 18 percent of Hispanics with associate degrees attended career colleges, as the trade association calls its 1,500 members.

“I am concerned that the proposed rule casts too broad and too general a brush on many institutions, some of whom are doing an excellent job at serving economically disadvantaged and minority students,” Jackson wrote in a Sept. 15 letter to Education Secretary Arne Duncan. “The department’s proposed approach will hinder the access of minority students to higher education and will make it even more difficult to realize President (Barack) Obama’s goal of leading the world in the percentage of college graduates by 2020.”

Similar criticisms are made in letters to Education Department officials signed by 12 of the 39 voting members of the Congressional Black Caucus and four of 23 voting members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus. The signers include three of the four Black members of the House Education and Labor Committee: Reps. Donald Payne of New Jersey, Bobby Scott of Virginia and Yvette Clarke of New York, all Democrats. Among Hispanic critics are Ed Pastor, an Arizona Democrat who is the third-most senior Hispanic in the House, and Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, a Florida Republican.

A Sept. 8 congressional letter to the department predicts the proposed rules would “disproportionately impact the many low-income, first-generation students, single parents, minority and veteran students served by these institutions.” Payne, Scott and two other Black Democrats, Alcee L. Hastings of Florida and Edolphus Towns of New York, were among the 10 House members who signed the letter.

The department maintains that the proposed rules, released for public comment in July and slated to be finalized by Nov. 1, would protect students who find out too late their occupational training does not impress employers.

“Our proposal is to protect students from taking on debt they can’t afford in exchange for a certificate they can’t use,” said Justin Hamilton, Duncan’s press secretary. “This is no way affects a student’s ability to access federal student aid at programs that would be helpful to them. Our proposal would cut off federal student aid to ineffective programs.”

If for-profit schools fail two tests, the schools would lose their eligibility to accept federal student loans and grants. At least 35 percent of former students — both graduates and dropouts — have to be paying down their federal loans, and those loans have to amount to less than 12 percent of their total income.

In 2007-2008, the department says 55 percent of student borrowers from for-profit schools were paying on their loan balances, compared with 80 percent at public colleges and 88 percent at private, nonprofit ones.

The aid cutoff could apply only to certain training programs that fail both tests, rather than entire schools. The department estimates about 5 percent of such programs would become ineligible to receive federal student aid.

Critics have also argued that the proposed rules unfairly single out for-profit schools while, as the congressional letter suggests, “ignoring legitimate questions that have been raised about some elements of traditional higher education” with similar demographics and student loan default rates.

Under existing federal regulations, traditional colleges can lose federal aid if default rates exceed 25 percent for three consecutive years. The department says the 98 historically Black institutions eligible for federal student aid meet that standard.

Since the 1970s, federal law has imposed a different standard on for-profit schools, allowing only those that prepare students for “gainful employment” to be eligible for federal aid, Hamilton said. This is the first time, he added, federal regulations have attempted to define what that provision means.

Besides Jackson and the members of Congress, a few Black and Hispanic organizations have opposed the new rules, including the National Black Chamber of Commerce, National Congress of Black Women and Hispanic Leadership Fund. But larger organizations, such as the NAACP, National Urban League, League of United Latin American Citizens and National Council of La Raza, do not appear to have taken a similar stance.

The period for comments to the DOE has passed, but we cannot stop the dialog just yet. We still need to reach out to our members of congress, especially those who are supporting this rule against career colleges and universities. I am putting together a portfolio to hand deliver to members of congress and would like you to share your voice. It’ll only take a couple of minutes. Too, if you are an employed graduate and your employer would consider writing a letter please, please, please let me know by emailing: gainfulemploy@gmail.com ! Thank you all 🙂

Click here to have your voice heard!

By Caralee Adams on September 2, 2010

The proposed gainful-employments rules aimed at reigning in for-profit colleges may also affect other sectors of higher education, namely community colleges.

“Unfortunately, there is a high probability that community colleges will be swept along with the for-profits into a category that will subject the institutions to greater regulation and reporting requirements,” writes George Boggs, president and chief executive officer of the American Association of Community Colleges in a Sept. 2 update to board members.

AACC has joined with other higher education groups to submit letters of concern to the Department of Education’s proposed gainful-employment rules designed to crack down on abuses in the for-profit education industry.

Boggs urges community college leaders to take the time to contact the department prior to Sept. 9 for public comment to let the regulators know how the rules will affect their institutions and students. While the proposed regulations are complex, Boggs worries that the regulations would limit a college’s ability to respond quickly to the needs of its community by requiring federal approval of programs and would add costly reporting requirements.

AACC, along with several other associations, has signed a letter sent by the American Council on Education and has joined with the Association of Community College Trustees in sending a separate letter to the Department of Education.

In a conference call last month to go over the rules with the department, community college leaders learned that 30,000 of the 50,000 programs potentially covered by the gainful-employment rules were community college programs.

Much of the drive for more oversight was linked to the concern that for-profits were increasingly supported with federal student loans that graduates have not been able to repay. Community college leaders point to the 2008 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS) that shows just 5 percent of students in certificate programs at public 2-year certificate programs borrowed federal loans in 2008 compared with 77 percent at for-profits. About 84 percent of private for-profit students in certificate programs borrowed at all in 2008, compared with 21 percent at public 4-year institutions, 45 percent of those at private not-for-profits, and 9 percent at public two-year colleges.

While many feel community colleges will be required to abide by the proposed rules, if they are adopted, leaders in the field are hoping others will voice their concern in public comment ending next week.

Sandra Kurtinitis, president of The Community College of Baltimore County, says she initially had not paid close attention to the gainful-employment proposal because she didn’t think it would directly affect the school. But she is following it now as it might require some additional data collection on graduates and their jobs. While accountability is a good thing, Kurtinitis says response to graduate follow-up surveys is not high, and she thinks it would be a challenge to track students. With 74,000 students in 100 associate degree programs and 200 substantial certificate programs, being required to do this additional data collection would be very significant, says Kurtinitis.

The additional regulation would likely mean adding staff in the research office, which would be difficult as the college is beginning the year with $2.6 million less than last. “We would do it, of course. But it’s an unfortunate time to ramp up the energy to approach collecting the data,” she says. Kurtinitis says she hopes ACCT and others weighing in on the issue might make a difference, but for now, community colleges will have to wait and see.

By Richard Vedder

I have read and heard some commentators say that the Obama Administration is at war with for-profit private higher education. While in general agreeing with that I would amend that statement to say that the Obama administration has had several battles with the for-profits as part of a bigger war against capitalism. In my view, basically the president is a socialist, a person who craves for collectivist, government solutions to problems, and is deeply distrustful of private enterprise. Thus the government has taken control of iconic private automobile and financial service companies, has viciously attacked Wall Street greed, has tried to manipulate more than ever the private use of money and credit, is favoring a huge increase in taxes on capital gains, etc. I am among those who believe that the current anemic recovery directly reflects the fear that businesses have of Obama, and their corresponding unwillingness to hire workers and invest. Gold prices are soaring, and stock prices are stagnant, a classic indication of poor investor confidence.

For- profit companies are merely part of the capitalistic Evil Empire that Obama despises. Apollo Corporation, Corinthian Colleges, Bridgepoint Education, Kaplan University — these companies are bad mainly because they are in the business of trying to create wealth for private investors. The current bashing of the for-profits by both the administration and Congress needs to be put it that context.

That said, there ARE abuses that the for-profits have committed. No doubt there are recruiters who have misled persons as to the potentialities of a for-profit education, putting them into debt. And abusive practices should not be subsidized by the taxpayer. That said, however, the beating up on the for-profits is largely ideologically based and manifestly unfair. A large portion –indeed probably a sizable majority–of the educational malpractice going on in American higher education is occurring at the not-for-profit schools so richly subsidized by the taxpayers –and they are being given a pass as Congress considers hearings.

It is a fact that the four year graduation rate at the University of Texas at El Paso is about four percent –only 1 out of 25 graduate in a timely manner. Where are federal hearings about that? A smaller proportion of students graduate from UT El Paso than from Corinthian Colleges, but why is Corinthian being threatened by tough new legislation and UT El Paso is not? The loan default rate at Central State University in Ohio is vastly higher than at Kaplan University –why is no one investigating Central State, at either the state or federal level, while Kaplan is scurrying to meet probable new federal mandates? By many indicators students fare more poorly at Chicago State or Denver’s Metro State than at Strayer University, a major for profit. Why are we not talking about legislation curtailing Chicago or Metro State? Why is the government talking about limiting the percentage of graduates of schools like the ITT Institutes or DeVry who pay more than eight percent of their income in student loan interest payments, when almost certainly the problem is probably as bad at Grambling State or Northwestern State University?

In taking on the for-profits, the President and Congress are attacking the very schools that have contributed importantly to reaching an Obama goal –vastly increasing the proportion of high school graduates with exposure to higher education. Some 38 percent of the increase in student head count between 2008 and 2009 occurred at for profit schools –more than at not-for-profit four year public schools (27 percent) or two year public community colleges (32 percent). Many traditional universities don’t want to recruit ghetto and inner city children, or teach in the evenings and Saturday mornings, or do other things distasteful to the life style of the academic elite.

The People (as in “government of the people, by the people, and for the people”) like for-profits, but what Scott Rasmussen calls the Political Class, does not. This is just another example of the huge divide, unprecedented in modern history, between the Political Class and the general public and our political leaders. Our nation is out of political equilibrium, and that means big changes are coming politically, probably starting at the polls this November.

I would note that this huge brouhaha would not have occurred if we had not embarked on a disastrous expansion in federal loans for students beginning four decades ago. Bottom line, too many people are going to college. Too many people are ill-equipped for the rigors of higher learning, manifested in some watering down of standards and high dropout and loan default rates. There are too many students going to too many colleges and paying too much money and getting too few good jobs. Until we wake up to that reality, we will not have truly efficient and worthwhile higher education reform in this country.

And the comments:

Comments

1. haohtt – August 31, 2010 at 08:16 am

The answer to the article’s question is, emphatically, yes. The Obama Administration is filled with traditional academics and career politicians–people who have never produced wealth or profit themselves, but always lived off the taxes and tuition of others. While unscrupulous actions by certain for-profits deserve to be exposed and dealt with, my Vedder is correct that similar actions by non-profits should not be ignored. The irony and blatant hypocrisy of an administration and congress that attacks any business that dares to run effectively and efficiently enough to make a profit, while they themselves are unable to run their own operations without sinking ever farther into the red, is the real scandal that needs investigation and action. What occurs at Phoenix and Kaplan are small potatoes compared to what occurs in Washington DC.

2. dank48 – August 31, 2010 at 09:26 am

Precisely. The question of for-profit or not-for-profit is a red herring. The real question is whether schools are in fact functioning as they should. Too many aren’t.

3. 11180655 – August 31, 2010 at 09:30 am

Take a look at http://www.ccweek.com ‘Top 100’ link and review the listings of associate degree producers in areas such as Computer Science, Engineering Technologies, African-Americans, and on and on, and you will see the tremendous successes these colleges have had in graduating the highest employer demand skills areas, including success with minorities. Look at much larger community college systems that have graduated a handful of minorities with computer science degrees, while there are smaller for-profit colleges graduating many times that of their local community college counterpart.

This administration has deservedly given non-traditional students year-round Pell Grants, increased loan limits, and an excellent military benefits program….but shame on these for-profit colleges for providing these students the programs and services they desire. This administration thinks these students are making poor decisions, but they deserve more credit than that. The majority of adult students pick the program and institution that provides them the most efficient and effective path to their career goals. Don’t take that away from them.

4. kolds – August 31, 2010 at 09:36 am

This article is full vitriol and gross generalizations (about viewpoints and categories of people). What I find amazing, in this needed debate about for-profit higher ed (and how it is and should be regulated), is that you rarely find constructive enagement with the issues and options. As a foreigner living in the US I know people like to debate, but the tone of the debate, as exemplified in the tone of this piece, is really rather sad. More ideological warfare, more heat vs light.

5. giana711 – August 31, 2010 at 09:40 am

Obama comes from the education field as he himself was a professor for many years and knows firsthand the long term damage that FP’s do to their students. While his administration has made some mistakes, he is NOT a socialist and he was born in Hawaii.

The main difference between Obama and the rest of the past few presidents is that he gets it when it comes from higher education. Obama understands that Community College plays a vital role and knows about the bad FP apples. He advocates for one and fights the other.

Fear mongering,partisan politics should have no place higher education. FP’s growth should be limited and wee need to seriously look into our accreditating agencies and regulating them or eliminating them for one strickly regulated national agency funded by congress to eliminate conflict of interest.

a bit dissapointed that the chronicle even went ahead with this opinion piece…

6. hms3683 – August 31, 2010 at 10:14 am

Poor Obama! Stand up against the right to turn a good deal into a rip-off and you become a socialist. The business model of the FP guarantees that more money will be spent on less educational service than the NFP – while ever-growing profit is returned to the stockholder.
The records of UTEP and Chicago State appear abysmal in terms of what they offer for the time and money students invest. But the tax dollars flowing into these institutions could ultimately be subjected to the scrutiny of public oversight. If they reach a bad enough point, the public will demand that they revise their services and priorities. In theory, barring coruption and dealmaking, UTEP and CS should be seeing greater oversight of their accreditation. FPs can operate without accreditation. In the FPs, there is no accountability. The worse the deal to the student, the greater the profit to the ownership.

7. cwinton – August 31, 2010 at 10:20 am

It’s always a nice diversion to excuse misbehavior by citing the misbehavior of others. Without question the federal student loan program has drawn a lot of bad actors, including the financial middlemen who quietly profit while others are left holding the bag. Apparently Mr. Vedder has no problem with the kind of business plan that characterizes many for-profits, namely one based almost exclusively on tapping taxpayer backed resources, in this case student loan money. Well, if you live off taxpayer money in my estimation that makes you in effect a government agency and so subject to government regulation. The for-profits are on the hot seat because they are the new kids on the block. Whatever happens with them will inevitably, Mr. Vedder notwithstanding, come down on misbehaving not-for-profits. Interestingly, Mr. Vedder is one of those traditional academics haohtt (#1) is so quick to criticize.

Since Mr. Vedder chose to stray off into areas unrelated to his thesis (e.g., his feeble attempt to link Obama and socialism), I might as well do so as well, the point being that a major role of government is to provide a sound monetary system, which means that for any market based on the monetary system (i.e., the financial sector), it is incumbent on the government to insure it is run in a manner that will not endanger the stability of the monetary system. We don’t have to look any further back than 2008 to see what lax regulation of financial markets leads to. Tightening the screws on Wall Street and banks is not socialism, it’s sound government practice. As for the rest, massive spending beyond our means (which was actually initiated early on in the previous administration) is simply an attempt at keeping our increasingly unsustainable economic approach afloat for awhile longer, hoping against hope to come up with some means of avoiding runaway inflation or the economic collapse of a major depression, likely accompanied by anarchy. I think we all had better hope for another bit of economic good fortune such as the Clinton administration enjoyed, since tax cuts absent spending constraint certainly hasn’t helped, and it’s hard to imagine how continued spending beyond our means can possibly do so. One thing is for certain, we need fresh ideas, something economists like Mr. Vedder are quite short of supplying.

8. isambard – August 31, 2010 at 11:12 am

If Obama had a few more socialist inclinations, the country would stand a better chance of surviving the next thirty years or so. The first thing he’d have done is looked for ways of getting health care down from 16 percent of GDP to around 12 – higher than France or Germany, whose systems are vastly more effective than the USA’s. No socialist could have hired Obama’s economics team. As for for-profits, there’s no reason in principle why they can’t deliver perfectly decent, non-academic, training; the dodgy area is a problem they share with community colleges, which is the claim that a fairly low-level general, non-vocational education will do a lot to increase the earnings of the students who take it. It may make them nicer, better citizens, or more interested in their existences, but absent an enormous number more jobs of the appropriate sort than the economy seems likely to produce in the next decade, it won’t improve their earnings, and has to be a bad bargain, economically speaking. Attacking them for selling something they can’t deliver is hardly an attack on capitalism. Not, for the matter of that, that American capitalism as practised for the past few years has been anything a true capitalist could be proud of; it’s depended almost entirely on leaching off government in innumerable obvious ways, while berating government for the sloppiness that allows it to do so. Talk about biting the hand that feeds you…

9. senecan – August 31, 2010 at 11:57 am

The “president is a socialist, a person who craves for collectivist, government solutions to problems, and is deeply distrustful of private enterprise”? Why is this appearing on the Chronicle Web site rather than the Wall Street Journal editorial page?

10. betterschools – August 31, 2010 at 12:20 pm

Growing bodies of evidence will convince the open-minded that Mr. Vedder is correct in his assessment of President Obama’s intentions.

Through sources present in the Whitehouse discussions, we have learned of his belief that the community colleges can assimilate the business he is intentionally taking from the for-profits. Somehow, he believes the taxpayers can and should come up with the $800 billion it will take to meet his education goal of having the highest graduation rate among developed nations.

In October, President Obama plans to announce a stimulus package for the community colleges. Apparently, he is not a student of history. Were he so schooled, he would know that public colleges quickly suck up federal stimuli with tuition and fee increases, returning access to its pre-stimulus level.

I recognize that different ideologies can lead us to different positions with respect to the for-profit v. public debate. I hold mixed views myself and I especially want to see the publics succeed in their challenge of becoming efficient and adapting to changing needs. What is so personally disappointing is to have witnessed the uninspiring bag of dirty tricks the Obama administration used to get its way by trashing the for-profits. Does it not have the skill to get its way on the high road?

This administration spread lies (for-profits do not cost the taxpayer more, they cost significantly less, even with all defaults loaded into the equation), half-truths (for-profits do have problems with graduation rates, loan amounts, and loan repayments when educating the underclass but the nation’s state institutions operating in underclass areas of the nation have even lower rates; see Alexander’s analysis, at the link below), and innuendo (employers do not disdain the for-profits; we have conducted employer impact research for 16 years, interviewing more than 20,000 employers in depth and can easily refute this claim with hard empirical evidence). As an early supporter of this administration, I have been disappointed to see the arrogance and deceptive practices with which it pursues its agenda.

If you hate for-profits or if you think they can do no wrong, little will change your mind. If you recognize the complexity of this issue and can understand that the healthy functioning of the for-profits, publics, and independents is essential to meeting the nation’s education needs, you will be informed by the information posted at this document repository.

http://www.intered.com/for-profit-regulation

Take a look at Apollo’s report. DeVry’s response to the NPRM, Carl Barney’s response to Secretary Duncan, Steve Alexander’s analysis of loan amounts and repayments in public universities serving a portion of the underclass, Mark Kantwowitz’s FA analyses, The Parthenon Group’s comparative analysis, and others.

If you think the publics are already healthy, look at this review http://www.intered.com/higheredbriefing/2010/8/27/are-public-universities-responsible-for-the-success-of-for-p.html.

President Obama won the election and his party holds Congress. He has the right to change education policy in accordance with his vision. He does not have the right to lie about, cheat, and steal from the private sector. I thought it was a crisis of exception when he did all three with respect to securing largely undeserved benefits for unions at the expense of Chrysler’s legally secured bond holders. No such crisis can serve as an excuse today.

Keep the President’s education goals in front of you. Unless all of us speak out, this approach to secure those worthwhile goals will fail badly. Besides, its methods are deplorable.

11. 11132507 – August 31, 2010 at 12:46 pm

Well, the Chronicle does have to keep things fair and balanced, which in the rest of the world outside Fox News, means presenting multiple viewpoints. So Chronicle readers can read Mr. Vedder’s perspectives. Or turn the page.

Face it, if Obama announced today that the sun rises in the East, the right wing would find ways to use that as evidence that he’s a socialist, a Muslim terrorist and I don’t know, is going to force us all to wear leisure suits. But as much as the Chronicle does have, I suppose, a journalistic responsibility to present different opinions, it’s still disheartening to see a piece in which we get phrases such as “war against capitalism” and “the capitalistic Evil Empire.” All you’d need to do to this piece to make it Glenn Beck-ready is add a comparison or two to Hitler or Stalin, and you’re good to go.

When Republicans question government spending on flawed programs, it’s done in the name of fiscal responsibility and stewardship of taxpayer money. When Obama does it, it’s because he’s trying to destroy America.

12. jakarlson – August 31, 2010 at 02:52 pm

Indeed disappointing that The Chronicle would publish such a ‘slam’ about our president. You should know better. I think I’ll push the ‘report abuse’ button so you can re-read Vedder’s article.

13. leekantz – August 31, 2010 at 03:36 pm

Didn’t this investigation begin in Congress, not the Executive Branch? And doesn’t Obama’s Secretary of Education repeatedly say that the for-profit education sector has an important role to play in higher ed? I guess that makes Obama a socialist, huh?

There can be a reasoned argument that the for-profits are being portrayed in a negative light, and in an unfair light compared to the inadequacies of the non-profit education sector. But if you’re going to start that argument with the premise that our president is a socialist, it’s a poisonous politics that turns off 50% of our country (and probably a higher percentage of Chronicle readers), and it adds absolutely nothing to this discussion.

Obama may be guilty of silence on this issue, but I would imagine the issue is somewhere below 590 on his list of things to attend to.

Let’s have a reasoned discussion on this issue without turning into Glenn Beck’s and Keith Olbermann’s.

14. reisberg – August 31, 2010 at 04:00 pm

I am not convinced that giving Mr. Vedder (Darth Vedder?) space for his views is required for us to have “balance” in The Chronicle. Mr. Vedder plays fast and loose with data and makes outrageous accusations that have no basis. I think Fox news is a more appropriate platform for this type of ideological rhetoric.

The most laughable part of his specious argument is that the for-profits would not be profitable if they did not exploit federal programs to fund their students. If you take government out of the equation, they collapse. Additionally recruiting practices of the for-profits (paying commission to people for recruiting students) has to make you wonder whose interests they serve–the incentives in the operation are skewed against the students.

15. betterschools – August 31, 2010 at 04:24 pm

@leekantz,

Reasonable questions but, no, the assault began with the Whitehouse, specifically the President’s untested vision of new community colleges and the thought that he could secure the foot traffic to make them work by suppressing the successful for-profits and, in effect, stealing their business. A former member of the planning committee the community college logic in a conference call two weeks ago. Best guess, the Harkin committee represents a back-room quid pro quo as part of the coordinated discrediting strategy. I agree that this topic has to come in low on a stressful presidential agenda but honesty is honesty. This guy whom I once respected highly is looking more and more like another Chicago trained politician who happens to possess exceptional public speaking abilities and personal charisma.

If you have more than a passing interest in this, look at the plethora of documents at http://www.intered.com/for-profit-regulation and make up your own mind.

16. tgroleau – August 31, 2010 at 04:35 pm

Rather than argue about the tone of the article, I’ll hit two points:

1) Yes, of course the standards and regulations should be the same for both for-profit and not-for-profit schools. If our tax dollars flow into either type of school, they should have to meet the same standards. Based on the Chronicle articles I read, I didn’t think many of us felt otherwise.

2) Speaking of tax dollars… I’m generally a big fan of capitalism – bring your products or services to the market and see if you can make it. Therefore, I would never present for-profit colleges as examples of capitalism. They aren’t making profits in the open market, they’re making profits from government subsidies of higher education. Without our tax dollars, most of them would go bankrupt. Some industries need government subsidies to get started (and we can all debate the pros/cons of that startup help). But the for-profit college business model requires never ending tax subsidy. I’m not willing to call that capitalism.

17. betterschools – August 31, 2010 at 04:50 pm

@tgroleau,

Have an economist map this out.

– Loans are made to students who then choose on their own where to attend (unless you want to argue they are automatons).

– The feds make money on student loans, even including defaults where they are estimated to collect $106 for every defaulted $100 (fines, etc.)

– Including the widest possible range of estimates of all political persuasions, for-profits cost the taxpayers — all in, including 100% of the loan defaults (which are lower than comparable publics serving the underclass) — between minus $500 per student per year and plus $1,700 per student per year.

– Again, including the widest possible range of estimates, publics cost the taxpayer between $11,500 and $16,500 per student per year.

Given this information, where do you get the idea that the for-profits are luxuriating in a tax subsidy? I have an agenda for the improvement of the for-profits but it is not advanced by the lies the feds have spread, and the ill-informed disseminate per their bidding.

Check my facts and if you have counter-evidence (not opinion), post it at http://www.intered.com/for-profit-regulation . Many of us are only interested in setting the record straight on all issues before proceeding.

18. 11132507 – August 31, 2010 at 04:57 pm

Excellent point #16 – the for-profit schools have done quite well with the so-called 90/10 rule, which allows them to receive up to 90% of their revenue purely from federal aid, and even then they have tried fuzzy math accounting tricks to skirt that gaping loophole of a law.

This is very similar to another group of Republican “capitalist” buddies (and like for-profit schools, very reliable campaign contributors), the banks who made zillions in the Stafford Loan program…all in the name of the free market, but creating no product other than moving other peoples’ money around, and being rather handsomely subsidized by taxpayers for doing it. But it made rich guys richer, so the Republicans were all for it, and the program’s demise is reason #6,714 on the “Why Obama Is A Socialist” list.

19. trendisnotdestiny – September 01, 2010 at 09:30 am

@ To All Readers

After reading this thread, it concerns me that too many here are discussing the power of one person; a figurehead who represents a multiplicity of branded ideologies fused together by monied interests. I can think of several hundred people who have more influence and power to create change than our president, but that is for another time…

Why is it that when the right feels some pressure they yell unfair or uncle using socialism as the great fear weapon? (culturally embedded in our Rocky movies and hockey victories. Dr. Vedder your understanding of Obama’s positions are not supported by his choices of financial advisors, supporters and legislative efforts thus far (all which have supported industry firtst and the middle class last)… Remember, he was funded en masse by the finance sector and would not have received their support if he was… So once again you prove that any movement away from the right in this country requires a corpulent call of socialism… Well done! Predictable… So I will reiterate some things for you to chew on:

First, a president is not the most powerful force in our country, economy or even in policy matters. We must acknowledge this first. No such thing as Obama bailouts or plans of a socialist takeover unless you consider the corporate socialism of the past two decades…. It is important to identify who has the most power to affect outcomes here. In any analysis, the groups that move this country are uniformally from industry: finance, pharma, media and energy…. In the land of predatory capitalism, who has the money controls the power! These people fund elections, lobby legislators and control politicians of what we call government.

By acknowledging this, it is not a far leap as to why all our systems are incurring massive debts all at once (state and local budgets, government deficits, personal and familial debt). This is a planned consequence of a consumer driven economy where credit has been cheap, markets have been gutted/de-regulated and control have moved into elite or private hands for the final consolidation of patriotic selling points (9/11). Government has colluded with this process of being bought off, but the governing power in this society is the corporation. Very rarely can you sue it, change it or vote it out…. It replicates itself into our culture: sports teams, college adminstrations, and our consumption of media…. Let’s not be naive here, presidents who make $400K are more about branding and salesmanship than actual policy. They are told what to do and say by their corporate financiers and our choices as voters are limited to the flavors (Yale or Harvard) that power provides as they whisper their intentions to the lackey adminsitrations…. As a result, each adminsitration is most concerned about GDP growth. Their policies often reflect it, people be damned….

Second, when we read that people want government intrusion out of thier lives, this plays into the hands of both the corrupt government officials as well as their corporate benefactors. However, for most the corporate influence is less visible in the divide and conquer rhetoric designed to break critically thinking people into camps: spending stimulus versus paying down debt, cutting social supports versus soliciting entrepreneurism or shared governance in higher ed versus a top down approach….
We live in a society where the distraction of professional sports entertainment like the NFL often take up more time in our culture than critical thought. Obama is here to distract us just like every president over the past 30 years aided by television and corporately owned media…. In essence, we have a distracted and highly stressed population with a public-private marketing arm designed to create more division between and among (pure Edward Bernays here 1928)…

However, people who are angry about how profits are privatized and losses socialized do have legitimate concerns, but little access to the inside narratives as to why this happening. So, I will speculate and suggest something rather troubling.

One — wealth and currency from FR banking systems are created from debt. This is important to understand that those who issue debt have the most power in a global capitalistic system. They influence and control political figures who serve as their defacto shields for anonimity. (so calls of socialism are disingenuous at best and moronic at worst)….

Two — the world’s resources are dwindling; there is a massive race for information, access, and ownership of the various depleted resources: water, food, oil, precious metals, minerals etc. When you combine this race to privatization with an unsustainable global population demographic, you could begin to see why bubble economics (neoliberal economics) are needed to clearly bifurcate and distinguish the people who have and have not. These bubbles are an instrument of social darwinism….

Three — The forces that led to the creation an indebted population are same ones leading the push for eliminating social security, medicare and spending programs for the poor calling them “entitlements”. You have to ask the why now question. After a period where there have been massive bankruptcies, home foreclosures and systemic unemployment, why would power want to cut social supports now during one of the worst periods in economic history… The answer is that during times of shock, it is the perfect time for power to inflict changes that would have normally been resisted. Again, Obama is helping to dismantle these programs as many democrats before him (see Clinton & many congressional leaders)…. Government officials are more dependent upon industry than the populace; this means that they are the mouthpieces of power not the final decision makers….

four — consolidation of power in every industry has been the corporate culmination of this project. This is the most critically ignored and unexplored issue out there. Very few of us critically analyze why there are so few companies soliciting product in a free market. Banking there are the top 6 who control the industry. Healthcare there are slightly fewer. Energy companies are even less. Media too…. These companies ability to impact our lives is far greater than one person in the white house, one party, one supreme court nominee….

five —- SUMMARY
money is created by debt
future natural resource shortages
over populated and polluted biosphere
transfer of risk onto individuals
cutting supports & renaming them entitlements
disparity between have & have nots grows
consolidation of power at every level
prices rise, jobs disappear
social unrest, anger and competing narratives

Figure it out people! Its right in front of you…. Oh! and quit spewing this nonsense that it is the left’s fault or right’s fault. There are in together. It was obvious when Geithner first spoke about the stress tests….. power calls it a public-private partnership (PPP)…. this does not bode well for the third group: consumers…. So, maybe we should be working together as we all are legitimately angry and have vested interests that have been co-opted…. but socialism is so far off the map as to make this article the comic section instead of an academic article.

Peace

20. tgroleau – September 01, 2010 at 09:56 am

betterschools –

I’m taking about Pell grants not loans: http://chronicle.com/article/Data-Points-For-Profit/63388/

21. adanz1 – September 01, 2010 at 10:44 am

I applaud Mr. Vetter’s cogent and coherent expression of the real driver of Durbin’s and Hawkin’s witchhunt wrapped in public “hearings.” This is, fortunately, an election year in which the democrats are looking to find any cause to which they can point to success for their socialist bent. Why are the “for-profit” institutions being pursued when the “non-profits” are not? Why is nobody bringing into the debate the dependence of the non-profit sector on public financing? Why is such dependence not equally evaluated for what it is? Community colleges depend upon state and federal subsidies to keep their prices down. Yet, somehow, the price point analysis fails to incorporate the full cost of non-profit programs when making comparisons to the students using Title IV funds at the for-profits who, by the way, pay taxes. Fully loaded, folks, the “dependence” of the non-profits on taxpayer funds is virutually identical to reliance of for-profit institutions on Title IV. It’s time that we see this exercise for what it is: another attack on the free market system that has made this country a bright star in the global economy.

Please visit this website http://www.bipac.net/page.asp?g=cca&content=alerts and let your voice be heard!  We need to fight for our rights to keep educational choices available in the United States.

I am a graduate of Herzing University – New Orleans Campus. I graduated with my Associates Degree in Business Administration. I am currently working on my Bachelor’s Degree in Human Resources. Herzing University is a wonderful school that taught me the skills that I needed to obtain a great job with pay. I am currently making a great salary as a Business Office Manager in Kenner, Louisiana. Now I have a great career versus working at a fast food job that I did for a long time. Herzing provided excellent instructors that lectured and also brought in real world experience plus hands on training. I was a high school drop out at the age of 16. Becoming a college graduate was a dream for a long time that I never thought would materialize. Herzing gave me the confidence that I needed to become a professional business person. As a citizen I have a right to decide where I want to obtain my education from. I chose Herzing because they have small class sizes and working students like me that I could relate to. I didn’t choose a traditional college for this very reason. I needed to get in and out quickly with a schedule that worked around my job. Herzing provided all of these things for me.

Shelley K, Career College Graduate